Kyoto (京都, Kyōto) served as Japan’s capital and the emperor’s residence from 794 until 1868. It is now the country’s seventh largest city with a population of 1.4 million people and a modern face.
– Ginkaku-ji (going to the entrance you will pass a street full of shops)
Then you can take a walk to the philosopher path and take a bus back to the city (temples and museums will be closed around 16:30)
Other option Kurama (you can take a direct train from Sanjo to Kurama)
Or Arashiyama (take the metro to Ninjo station and the train to Arashiyama)
I would stay in Kyoto and visit first the Imperial Palace (I think they speed up the process check here http://www.kunaicho.go.jp/e-event/kyototsunen-sankan-sks.html) and then go to the Fushimi Inari Shrine http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e3915.html
If you still have time go to the Nishiki Market https://goo.gl/maps/BZsFbnv56ny
To feel a bit Kyoto life
In japan in general there are some 24h open supermarket like lawson, 7eleven etc. They are cheap and full of gnammi things. My suggestions for a quick lunch take the rise triangles –https://sociorocketnewsen.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/onigiritop.jpg
Of course from my point of view first time in japan you should try a lot of dishes
For me you should at least try sushi, tempura or typical japanese dinner like this https://goo.gl/images/c5gVdy
With the sushi order always a miso soup and remember the ginger is at the end to wash your mouth 🙂 and put just a bit of soya!
And of course dont forget to try the sake cold and hot!!!!